Most of the time, daños means “damage”, in singular. What, then, is “damages” in Spanish? Usually something like indemnizaciones por daños y perjuicios, literally, “compensation for loss and damage”, which is what “damages” means in English. So:
- daño/s = damage
- indemnizaciones por daños y perjuicios = “damages” or “compensation for loss and damage” but not “compensation for loss and damages“
Definition of damage and damages
Note that the adjective of “damages” can be singular or plural (number 3).
- damages, n. pl. Money claimed by, or ordered to be paid to, a person as compensation for loss or injury “the plaintiff seeks $8,000 in damages from the defendant”. — damage,adj.
- damage, n. Loss or injury to person or property “actionable damage resulting from negligence”.
- damage, adj. Of or relating to monetary compensation for loss or injury to a person or property “a damage claim”, “a damage award”. — Also termed damages “a damages claim”.
Source: Black’s Law Dictionary, 8th edition (West Group, 2004), Bryan A. Garner (ed.)
Examples in English
For some useful examples on the difference between “damage” and “damages”, see this page.